108: Administration/Operational Fundamentals

108.1 Discuss the administrative chain of command.

Per OPNAVINST 3111.14 series, the CNO assigns ships and units to the administrative organization of the operating forces of the U.S. Navy. All changes to these assignments will be made by the CNO only. Administrative responsibilities of superiors and subordinates are affective on the date specified or, in the absence thereof, on the date contained in advance change to OPNAVINST 3111.14 series. Commanding officers of squadrons administratively assigned to an air wing (CVW) will report to the Type Wing commander having cognizance over their permanent duty station.

OIC - Commanding Officer – Commodore – AIRPAC – CINCPAC

108.2 Discuss the operational chain of command. · Operational control of NAVAIRPAC units operating in the Western Pacific (WESTPAC) in normally vested in Commander Seventh Fleet. · Carriers operating in the Eastern Pacific (EASTPAC) or Middle Pacific (MIDPAC) is normally assigned to the operational command of Commander Third Fleet. · Carrier air wings are under the operational control of the CARGRU to which they are assigned. · Carrier squadrons assigned to an air wing commander are under the operational control of air wing commander.

OIC – CAG – Commander Carrier Group – CINCPAC

108.3 Define the following terms:

b. Instrument Flight Rules (IFR) Rules governing the procedures for conducting instrument flight. Pilots must comply with IFR procedures when operating their aircraft in weather conditions that are less than VFR minimums. Additionally, navy pilots are encouraged to use IFR procedures when their flight is conducted within the Federal Airway System. Other factors requiring adherence to IFR procedures are when flights are conducted along jet routes (operations parallel to and within 10 miles of the established centerline are considered to be along the route), anytime aircraft are operated in established positive control zones, flight to and from targets or operating areas when practicable or when performing instrument approaches. When VFR conditions exist, pilots may waive any of the above four requirements for a specific flight when necessary to circumnavigate or otherwise avoid severe weather, or when dictated by an in-flight emergency.

c. Visual Flight Rules (VFR) Rules that govern the procedures for conducting flights under visual conditions. A pilot operating in accordance with VFRs is flying in accordance with the see-and-avoid concept. This means a pilot is responsible for his own separation from other aircraft under most circumstances. Such operations eliminate the need for specific route clearances from air traffic control agencies. Certain weather minimums are required for such flight. While flying in weather conditions equal or better than those required for VFR flight, the pilot has the primary responsibility of avoiding a collision. A flight in minimum or near-minimum weather conditions is only undertaken on a VFR clearance when absolutely necessary. The minimum distance from clouds that a pilot must maintain during VFR flight depends upon altitude and whether or not the flight is within controlled or uncontrolled airspace.

108.4 Discuss the responsibilities of the following: a. Aircraft Commander - shall be in command of the aircraft and responsible for the safe and orderly conduct of the flight. The term “safe conduct” includes but is not limited to the following:

· Proper briefing of passengers and crewmembers as to safety and mission. · Proper utilization and filing of required documents. · Procurement and use of adequate survival equipment for all embarked personnel. · Demonstration of sound judgment and proficiency during flight. · Compliance with all military and civil regulations and rules of flight. · Responsibility for decisions made in carrying out assigned missions.

Aircraft commander responsibility exists from the time preflight planning begins until relieved from duty by proper authority. The authority and responsibility of the aircraft commander for flight is independent of the presence of other persons senior to him in the crew or passengers except as stated in OPNAVINST 3710.7. He shall be thoroughly familiar with this manual, squadron directives, and all other directives from higher authority. The aircraft commander has the authority to delay or continue a flight when, in his opinion, conditions are unsafe.

b. Copilot - shall assist the pilot in preparing the crew for flight and in ascertaining readiness for flight of the aircraft and aircraft systems. The copilot function is specifically patterned as a safety backup for the pilot throughout the entire flight. In this capacity he shall offer constructive comments and recommendations as necessary throughout the mission in order to maintain the safest possible and most effective flight environment.

c. Crewchief- has the following responsibilities as directed by the aircraft comma

· Verify fuel loads and comply with any special instruction from the aircraft commander. · Check aircraft logbooks for previous discrepancies, noting corrective action. · Procure necessary maintenance documents (fuel packet). · Conduct proper preflight and postflight inspections in accordance with current NAVAIR publications and maintenance requirement cards. · Ensure support equipment is available and correctly positioned and the aircraft is ready for start. · As necessary, perform/assist with prestart and poststart procedures and checks. · In flight, perform frequent integrity checks of the aircraft to include reservoirs, filters, selector valves, lines, and fittings for any fuel, hydraulic, or bleed air leaks; security of overhead equipment and hatches; and circuit breaker panels. All visible exterior portions of the aircraft shall be checked for visible leaks and panel security. Results shall be reported to the pilot. · Keep a record of discrepancies as they occur. · Ensure that the aircraft is ready for flight in every respect · Ensure the aircraft is in the proper configuration and that adequate safety and survival equipment is on board. · Prepare or check weight and balance forms. · Ensure that all passengers, cargo, and mail are properly manifested. · Supervise loading, unloading, and securing of cargo. Loadmaster shall brief pilot in command. · Give emergency instruction to passengers. · Ensure passenger comfort during flight. · Complete necessary forms (logistic flight records, customs) · Maintain aircraft cleanliness during and after flight. · Provide training to the second crewman.

d. Second Crewman - As directed by the aircraft commander and/or crewchief, the second crewman shall perform the duties as outlined for the Crewchief. Additionally, the second crewman shall train to achieve further qualifications as CTCC (Carrier Transport Crew Chief).

108.5 State the purpose of the Scheduled Removal Card (SRC) and Equipment History Card (EHC).

a. The SRC card is a two-page form used to record maintenance history, installation, and usage data. It is maintained as part of the logbook, AESR, or MSR as long as the component is installed. When the component is removed from the aircraft or equipment, the SRC card accompanies the component. Continuity of this maintenance history is paramount. NAVAIRINST 4790.3 establishes policy and assigns responsibilities for the planned removal/replacement of selected aeronautical components designated as SRC items.

b. The E HR card is a two-page form that provides a method of monitoring specific maintenance data on designated aeronautical components and equipment that do not qualify for an SRC card. This record provides the means of recording maintenance history on designated items. An individual E HR card is maintained for each serialized item as part of the aircraft logbook, AESR, or MSR while the component is installed. When the component is removed from the aircraft or equipment, the E HR card will be attached to and accompany the component to its final destination.

108.6 Discuss the purpose of the following log book pages.

a. Structural Life Limits

General Information. This form, is used to monitor structural life limited components designated for depot replacement, which do not require SRC or ASR documentation. In addition, this form also provides a means for documenting basic life limitations, for example, maximum flight hours, catapults, arrestments, and landings, which must be properly managed to ensure safety and structural integrity throughout the service life of each T/M/S aircraft. Aircraft shall not exceed structural life limits specified in applicable PMICs without prior approval from the COMNAVAIRSYSCOM. Such approval shall be requested via the chain of command. Ensuring aircraft structural components never exceed life limits is the responsibility of all persons involved with the program (b) Purging. None. This page is a permanent part of the logbook.

b. Monthly Flight Summary/Equipment Operating Record

General Information. The reporting custodian maintains this record. This form is designed to permit the monthly compilation of significant flight operational data throughout the service life of an aircraft. Reporting custodians will ensure all monthly totals have been entered on this form prior to induction of the aircraft into rework. (1) This form is used for recording landing and special information, for example, catapult shots that may be useful to a reporting custodian. (2) The ferry pilot is responsible for providing aircraft ferry flight data to the receiving activity. (3) Months will be accounted for in chronological order. Purging. None. This page is a permanent part of the logbook.

c. Inspection Record

This form used in the logbook and the AESR provides a record of all scheduled and conditional inspections performed on the aircraft during each period and on equipment for which an AESR is required. Accurate inspection records prevent instances of wasted effort due to the failure of logbook custodians to make proper entries. Questionable or incomplete records leave receiving activities no alternative but to assume previous noncompliance and reinspect per existing directives or refuse acceptance of the aircraft/equipment until corrective action has been taken. b. Logbook Requirements (1) Phase inspection and conditional inspection records are maintained on separate pages. The form provides space at the top of the page for identifying the type of inspection. The left column of the form is titled "Type or Description of Inspection" to facilitate proper descriptive entries for individual inspections. (2) Phase inspections are logged sequentially, for example, Phase A/(time), Phase B/(time). The sequence is not interrupted or resequenced by SDLM, unless the performance of a phase inspection is certified by the activity performing the SDLM. All phases performed on the aircraft during a period and the flight hours on the aircraft are entered in the "Type or Description of Inspection" column. (3) Phase inspection induction and completion dates are entered in the applicable columns of the inspection record. (4) Routine turnaround, daily, special, servicing, engine wash, and oil sampling are not logged. (5) Conditional inspections are conducted as a result of a specific overlimit condition or as a result of circumstances or events which create an administrative requirement for an inspection, for example, hot start, overtemp, hard landing, precarrier, predeployment, ASPA, acceptance, or transfer. A logbook entry is required for conditional maintenance requirements, which prescribe inspections to determine equipment condition. Conditional requirements which specify servicing or fluid sampling need not be logged. Compass calibration is entered in the miscellaneous/history section and need not be logged on the Inspection Record. Any inspection directed by higher authority, not directed by a TD, shall be logged. Due to operational circumstances, conditional inspections may be required on a recurring basis. Relief from the repeated logging of these inspections may be requested from the cognizant Wing, COMFAIR, CVW, or aviation combat element commander. Purging. During SDLM the rework activity will screen this section of the aircraft logbook. The I-level activity during first degree repair or D-level activity during rework screens this section of the AESR. The old Inspection Record pages for scheduled maintenance will be removed and a new record containing the data necessary for determining when the next inspection is due will be initiated. The I-level or D-level activity also screens the Conditional Inspection pages for items of historical or maintenance value and transcribes them to a new page. A minimum of 2 years data will be maintained at all times on the Conditional Inspection page.

d. Repair/Rework Record

General Information. This form, used in the logbook and the AESR, contains a complete record of all repair, reconditioning, SDLM, conversion, modification, modernization, and ASPA inspections performed on the aircraft by a repair activity or on the equipment by any I-level or D-level activity. When an aircraft is inducted into a NAVAVNDEPOT or contractor activity for rework, the logbook accompanies the aircraft and is updated as necessary by the activity performing the work. This applies even though there is no change in reporting custodian. In all cases where an item requires an AESR it will accompany the equipment through the maintenance action required and will be updated by the activity accomplishing that action. Purging. None. This page is a permanent part of the logbook or AESR. At the time of rework, outdated forms may be consolidated onto new forms.

e. Technical Directives

General Information This form, used in the logbook and the AESR, contains a record of TDs affecting the airframe structure and its integral parts. Separate pages are required to record each type of TD on equipment and its integral parts. TDs concerning equipment other than engines present no special problems in recording because the quantity of these TDs is relatively small. PPCs and PPBs, however, are issued in greater numbers and require careful screening to ensure the AESR reflects the actual configuration of the equipment. (2) Preparation. To provide uniformity throughout the system for all aircraft and equipment, all changes and bulletins, including revisions, are recorded in this section of the logbook or AESR. (3) TDs that affect a component for which an MSR, ASR, EHR, or SRC card is required are also recorded in the TD part of that record as well as the logbook or AESR (multiple entry). In this instance, the TD identification is entered and a notation to refer to the applicable MSR, ASR, EHR, or SRC card is entered in the title/remarks column, for example, see (component nomenclature) SRC card. No other information or signature is required. The complete information regarding the change is then entered, with authenticating signature, in the appropriate section of the MSR, ASR, EHR, or SRC card. (4) When documenting TDs on ASR, EHR, and SRC cards, only those TDs that apply to the respective component nomenclature are recorded, such as an accessory bulletin that applies to a hydraulic pump need not be recorded on a generator SRC card. Likewise, a PPC that applies to an afterburner module need not be recorded on an accessory MSR. If the TD is applicable only to a specific part number or range of part numbers, enter the directive in the TD identification blocks, enter "NA" in the status block and the statement, "NA this PN," in the title/remarks block. (5) For airframe TDs requiring one time or continuing inspections, the initial, or one time inspection, is logged on the TD page of the logbook. Subsequent or continuing inspection requirements are added to the MRCs as required in the basic TD. When this action has been completed, no further logbook entry is required for that TD. Purging. Upon completion of SDLM, MCAPP, PACE, and PDM the rework activity will purge the AESR. Consolidate this section of the aircraft logbook using block entries on new pages. The depot activity, upon completion of repair or rework, will consolidate this section of the AESR using block entries on new pages.

f. Miscellaneous History

General Information. This form is used to record significant information affecting the aircraft for which no other space is provided in the logbook. This information shall include abnormal flight characteristics, peculiar troubles of an undetermined nature, damage to the aircraft, major component changes not logged elsewhere in the logbook (struts, control surfaces, and tail sections) historical data, authorization for service period extension, PED and OPSERMOS adjustment as a result of an ASPA inspection, verification of flight hours in period and since new on acceptance and transfer, and exposure to large quantities of salt water, fire extinguishing agents, or other corrosive elements. This section may also be used to record serial number information concerning research and development and bailment aircraft, for example, special modifications or special testing.

g. Preservation/Depreservation

General Information. This form, is used in the aircraft logbook, AESR, and MSR. An entry is required any time preservation, represervation, or depreservation is performed on that item (aircraft or equipment). (1) Installed Equipment. Entries are required in the AESR or MSR if the applicable preservation MRCs or NAVAIR 15-01-500 specify a preservation requirement. No entry will be made if the equipment is not preserved as part of an aircraft preservation action. Purging. During SDLM the rework activity will initiate a new page for the aircraft logbook. The I-level activity during first degree repair or D-level activity during rework will initiate a new page for the AESR. Old pages may be destroyed

h. Explosive Devices

General Information. This section of the logbook and AESR contains a record of all explosive devices, for example, initiators and canopy releases installed in the aircraft or major assemblies. Explosive devices installed in major assemblies or equipment, for example, ejection seats and in-flight refueling stores, shall be recorded in the Installed Explosive Device Record (OPNAV 4790/26A) of the appropriate AESR. Explosive devices installed in personnel parachutes are recorded on the Parachute Record (OPNAV 4790/101). When installed in other safety and survival equipment, they shall be recorded on the Seat Survival Kit Record (ONAV 4790/137) or Aircrew Systems Record (OPNAV 4790/138). All other explosive devices shall be recorded on the Installed Explosive Device Record (OPNAV 4790/26A) of the aircraft logbook or AESR. Documentation Requirements. A single line entry is required for each installed explosive device and a new record shall be generated. Removal/Replacement of Devices. When a device is removed, and a like item is not reinstalled, a single red line shall be drawn through the entire old device line entry and ICAPS database updated to reflect changes (a new record should not be generated). When like items are reinstalled, the ICAPS database shall be updated to reflect changes and a new record shall be generated. To report changes, refer to Chapter 12. Purging. During SDLM/PDM, the rework activity shall verify all information and generate a new record (if applicable).

i. Inventory Record

General Information. This form, is used in the logbook and the AESR. It is used to maintain a current inventory of all equipment, components, and assemblies requiring an MSR, ASR, EHR, or SRC card. Mission configuration items, for example, multiple ejector racks and triple ejector racks, are not required to be maintained on this record. It is impractical to include a standard list of components since requirements vary according to aircraft model/equipment. However, all airframe components/assemblies requiring an ASR, EHR, or SRC card and items that require an MSR will be recorded in this section of the logbook/AESR. Purging. During SDLM the rework activity removes all the old inventory record forms from the aircraft logbook and inserts new forms. All items that remain installed and all newly installed items will be listed.

108.7 Explain the purpose of the Technical Directive List 02 and 04.

(a) List No. 02, directives applicable to a specific bureau/serial number (but not incorporated), and List No. 04, directives applicable to a specific bureau/serial number (and reported as incorporated), are prepared by COMNAVAIRSYSCOM under the TDSA Program and distributed to reporting custodians. TDs on a List No. 02 that are not logged must be researched to determine their incorporation status. The verification process shall be to the degree afforded by the maintenance being performed and should not hinder the normal maintenance process. (b) When initial Lists Nos. 02 and 04 are received, verify against the TD page in the logbook. After verification the TD page may be destroyed at the discretion of the reporting custodian (aircraft only). Thereafter, Lists Nos. 02 and 04 will be used to log all applicable AFCs and AFBs.

For inputs, comments, or questions please contact:


AMS1 Mark L. Starr

AZC(AW/NAC) Kimberly King