104.1 Discuss the dual chain of command for operating forces.
And an administrative chain through the Secretary of the Navy and the Chief of Naval Operations to the operating forces.
In some cases, as with the Military Sealift Command, a portion of the operating forces may operate or be temporarily assigned directly under the CNO and outside the chain of command of the unified command structure.
Operating forces are organized in a permanent fashion in the administrative chain of command. The operational chain of command is task-oriented, and can be structured as necessary to meet operational requirements.
104.2 Discuss the following as they apply to the operational chain of command:
Unified and specified commanders operate under the control and direction of the Joint Chiefs of Staff.
A unified command is composed of elements of two or more services. It has a broad continuing mission, and has a single commander. The unified commands are:
Geographic Commands are as follows:
The men and women of STRATCOM come from all
four services -- Air Force,
Navy, Army, and Marines. Thus, STRATCOM is a
unified command. This concept
allows STRATCOM to adapt to the changing
international political and military
landscape with all military branches providing
key input and recommendations.
The command totals more than 2,100 people, with the greatest concentration being Air Force, followed by the Navy, Army and Marines.
Included are more than 340 full-time civilians, performing their day-to-day duties and charged with maintaining continuity in our programs as military people are transferred in and out of STRATCOM.
The men and women of STRATCOM continually enhance their education through advanced degrees, military courses and other avenues. This keeps our people at the forefront of the latest technological developments, and management and planning techniques.
A specified command has a broad continuing mission, but it is composed of forces from one service. They are:
The North American Aerospace Defense Command (NORAD) is a binational United States and Canadian organization charged with the missions of aerospace warning and aerospace control for North America. Aerospace warning includes the monitoring of man-made objects in space, and the detection, validation, and warning of attack against North America whether by aircraft, missiles, or space vehicles, utilizing mutual support arrangements with other commands. Aerospace control includes providing surveillance and control of Canadian and United States airspace.
Air Mobility Command's primary mission is rapid, global mobility and sustainment for America's armed forces. The command also plays a crucial role in providing humanitarian support at home and around the world. The men and women of the Air Mobility Command -- active duty, Air National Guard, Air Force Reserve and civilians -- provide tactical and strategic airlift and aerial refueling for all of America's armed forces. Many special duty and operational support aircraft and stateside aeromedical evacuation missions are also assigned to AMC.
b. Fleet Commanders
Pacific and Atlantic Fleets include ships and craft classified and organized into commands by types, the titles of which are: training commands, surface forces, fleet marine forces, naval air forces, and submarine forces. Below are a list of Fleet Commanders:
CINCLANTFLT..........Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet;
commands all Naval forces in the Atlantic theater
CINCUSNAVEUR.........Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Naval Forces Europe
commands all Naval forces in the European theater
CINCPACFLT...........Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Pacific Fleet; commands all Naval forces in the Pacific theater
CINCLANTFLT..........Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet; commands all Naval forces in the Atlantic theater
CINCUSNAVEUR.........Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Naval Forces Europe commands all Naval forces in the European theater
c. Task Force Commander
This system, developed during World War II, further divides fleets into forces, groups, units, and elements. Each subdivision has a numbered designation and an appropriate communication call sign. A fleet numbering system is used. The Commander Sixth Fleet, would assign certain numbered task forces. This may include: A striking force, TF 60; an amphibious force, TF 61; a service force, TF 62, etc. Within each task force there may be further subdivisions, called task groups (TG). With this system, the task commander has a task force that is adaptable to any change in size.
d. Task Unit Commander
Task groups may be further subdivided into task units (TU). For example, TG 60.1 (the carrier group), may have a carrier unit designated TU 60.1.1.
104.3 Discuss the following as they apply to the administrative chain of command:
A civilian in charge of the Department of the Navy. SECNAV is responsible for the policies and control of the Department of the Navy, including its organization, administration, operation, and efficiency.
b. Chief of Naval Operations (CNO)
Currently: Adm. Michael Gilday
c. Fleet Commander in Chief (CINC)
The Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Atlantic Fleet (CINCLANTFLT), commands the Second Fleet.
The Commander-in-Chief, U.S. Naval Forces, Europe (CINCUSNAVEUR), commands the Sixth Fleet.
d. Naval Air Force Commander (Type Commander/Aircraft Controlling Custodian)
Type Commanders are in command of a certain type of squadron. They may be in command of VA, VAW, VS, VR, HS, HC, VX, etc. type commands.
Aircraft Controlling Custodians is the term applied to air commands and COMNAVAIRSYSCOM for exercising administrative control of assignment, employment, and logistics support of certain aircraft and aircraft engines as specified by the CNO. The following ACC's have been designated by CNO: COMANVAIRLANT, COMNAVAIRPAC, CNATRA, COMNAVAIRESFOR, and COMNAVAIRSYSCOM
f. Type Squadron Commander
104.4 Discuss the role of the following:
The MCPON is the Navy's senior enlisted member. Assigned to the office of the CNO for a three-year duty, he or she serves as senior enlisted representative of the Navy and acts as the senior enlisted advisor to the CNO and the Chief of Naval Personnel in all matters pertaining to enlisted personnel.
b. Fleet Master Chief
The Fleet Master Chief serves as the principle enlisted advisor to the Fleet Commander in Chief. He or she keeps the Fleet Commander up-to-date on situations, procedures, and practices that affect the welfare, morale, and well-being of the enliste crew. Presently there are 6 Fleet Master Chiefs. These are: Fleet M/C Pacific Fleet, Atlantic Fleet, Naval Forces Europe, Material Command, Shore Activities, and Naval Education and Training.
c. Force Master Chief
The Force Master Chief serve as principle enlisted advisors to various Force Group Commanders. They keep the Force Group Commanders up-to-date on situations, procedures, and practices that affect the welfare, morale, and well-being of the enlisted crew. Presently there are 22 Force Master Chiefs. These include Force Master Chiefs of:
d. Command Master Chief (CMC)
The criteria for a command to have a CMC is based on the number of personnel assigned to that command. Navy commands with 250 or more personnel assigned are eligible to have a CMC billet. Commands that do not meet this criteria may designate a Master CPO from within the command to serve as a collateral duty CMC. The CMC is the principle advisor on enlisted matters to the Commanding Officer. He or she keeps the CO advised on situations, procedures, and practices that affect the welfare, morale, and well-being of the enlisted crew.
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