101: AMPHIBIOUS SHIPBOARD FUNDAMENTALS
The following questions apply to engineering:
101.1 Briefly describe the general duties and responsibilities of the following:
a. Engineering Officer (CHENG)
Head of the Engineering Dept responsible under the CO for the operation, care, and maintenance of all propulsion and auxiliary machinery, the control of damage, and upon request of the head of the dept concerned, accomplishment of repairs beyond their capabilities.
b. Main Propulsion Assistant (MPA)
Operation, care, and maintenance of the ship’s propulsion machinery and such other auxiliaries as may be assigned.
c. Damage Control Assistant (DCA)
Ensures that ship personnel are trained to fight the ship during fire, flooding, etc.
101.2 Discuss the source of the following types of compressed air:
a. High Pressure (HP)
Compressed air between 600-5000 psi. Usually located in the auxiliary sections of engineering spaces.
b. Ship's service Low Pressure (LP)
Compressed air, usually between 100-125 psi. used to operate ship’s whistle, siren, fresh water pressurizing, etc.
101.3 Discuss the function of the following components:
a. Ship's service/emergency generators
Generates auxiliary electricity.
Generates steam which provides electricity and propulsion.
Evaporation takes place when a liquid is changed into vapor or gas.
e. Steam turbine, gear drive
A turbine driven by steam from the boilers. Gear drive is attached to the turbine to reduce the speed to a managable level to provide propulsion.
101.4 State the purpose of the electro-hydraulic steering gear.
This system drives the ship by use of electrical power from the bridge and then hydraulics turn the shaft.
The following questions apply to deck/navigation:
101.5 Discuss the purpose of the following as applied to ground tackle:
Makes a line fast that have been fairled through chocks.
Smooth surface which mooring lines are led to prevent the from chafing.
Used for belaying a line or wire.
Used to heave in on mooring lines and wires.
e. Chain marking
Lets you know how much chain you have out on deck.
Used to hold ships position.
g. Chain stopper
Used to secure the chain and anchor.
h. Pelican hook
Part of the stopper that actually secures the chain.
Used for hoisting and controlled lowering of the anchor.
j. Anchor brake
Keeps the chain from paying out.
101.6 Discuss the following terms in regard to Replenishment at Sea (RAS):
a. Underway Replenishment (UNREP)
Means of transfering fuel, ammo, and supplies from one vessel to the next.
b. Vertical Replenishment (VERTREP)
Same as UNREP, but by use of helicopters.
c. Connected Replenishment (CONREP)
Two ships steaming side by side while fuel hoses and wire are used to transfer fuel, ammo, supplies, and personnel.
101.7 Discuss abandon ship procedures, including the following:
a. Who orders abandon ship
Originated only by the Commanding officer or Senior Line Officer in Command.
b. Word to be passed
Direction and distance of nearest land, Inhabitants friend or foe, water temp.
c. Actions of the crew
Grab CO2 life jackets and muster at assigned Life Boat.
d. Life rafts
MK. 6, MOD 2, 25 man.
101.8 Briefly discuss the duties of the following bridge watch personnel:
a. Officer of the Deck (OOD)
Responsible to the commanding officer for the safe navigation of the ship.
b. Conning Officer
Orders course and speed changes for the ship and responsible to the OOD.
c. Boatswain’ s Mate of the Watch (BMOW)
Responsible for the watch team.
d. Helmsman/Lee Helmsman
Steer the ship/makes changes to the ships speed.
Scan the surface and air for contacts and reports any contacts to the OOD on the bridge.
f. Quartermaster of the Watch (QMOW)
Plots the courses and takes fixes as needed.
101.9 Discuss the differences between emergency and standard breakaway.
Same as standard just faster and no permission is asked for from the bridge.
101.10 State the purpose of the following:
a. Special sea and anchor detail
Used for mooring or anchoring evolutions; set for the safe navigation of the ship through channels, harbors, or heavily traveled waters.
b. Low visibility detail
Add to lookouts in areas where visibility is bad; set when the visibility has decreased beyond safe navigation of the ship, usually 3 NM or less and the bridge will sound one prolonged blast every two minutes from ship horn.
c. Flight quarters
Set when a ship wants to launch aircraft or move aircraft on flight deck/hanger deck.
d. Restricted maneuvering
Set for the safe navigation of the ship through channels, harbors, or heavily traveled waters.
101.11 State the three common types of man-overboard recovery.
Air, Boat, Line.
101.12 State the following characteristics for your ship:
(at waterline) 778 ft.
106 ft. 8 in.
(unballasted) 27 ft.
d. Displacement tons
e. Speed (knots)
The following questions apply to communications:
101.13 Discuss the purpose of the following visual communications.
Primarily used for transmitting tactical info between ships.
b. Flashing light (directional/omni-directional)
Utilizes Morse code by means of an interrupting light for communicating to one or more ships at a time.
Sends messages at short range using the positions of the senders arms.
The following question apply to operations:
101.14 Briefly discuss the purpose of the ship’ s navigation radar.
Short range, 2 coordinate, narrow beam radars capable of good discrimination range and bearing for surface search surveillance and low flying aircraft. AN/SPS-67 is primary radar with 30 NM range, AN/SPS-64 is back-up radar with 12 NM range.
The following question apply to administration:
101.15 State the purpose of the following bills:
Intended to be used to establish policies for assignment of personnel to duties, stations for specific evolutions/functions, by unit commanders in formulating administrative bills. (i.e. berthing and locker bill, general visiting bitt, orientation bill, security bill, etc.)
To set forth policies and procedures concerning the ships operation, and to define the duties and responsibilities of ships personnel in regard to operational bills. (i.e. civil disaster bill, darken ship bill, emcon bill, heavy weather bill, etc.)
Is to provide and organize prescribed procedures and assign responsibilities for controlling the effects of a major emergency or disaster suffered by the ship (i.e. collision, grounding).
Assign responsibility for a promulgated procedures for defense against sneak/swimmer attack, evacuate civilians, prisoner of war, etc.
e. Battle (Watch, Quarter and Station)
Assign personnel and stations necessary to fight the ship. Each person in the division is listed by billet number displaying his/her assignments for battle, watch, operational, and emergency bills.
AZC(AW/NAC) Kimberly King