Lewis, Girimonte, and King's Enlisted Aviation Warfare Specialist LHD Specific Tutorial

Enlisted Aviation Warfare Specialist (EAWS)
Sections 107, 108, and 109

LHD EAWS Specific Sections 117, 118, 119, and 120

Section 117

117.1 Explain the functions for the following components of ship’s equipment located on the bridge: [ref. a, p. 11-3]

a. Ship’s helm - Circular wheel used to steer the ship on course.

b. Engine Order Telegraph (EOT) - Communicates speed orders to the engine room. The engine order telegraph is curricular, with duplicate dials divided up into sectors for flank, full, standard, 2/3 and 1/3 speed, back 1/3, 2/3, and full speed.

c. Alarm panel -

d. Auto pilot -

117.2 Discuss the location and the characteristics of the Underway Replenishment (UNREP) stations. [ref. b, pp.3-3,3-4; ref. c, pp. 3-9, 6-34]

a. Double Probe Receiver: The receiver hangs from a swivel arm and pivots on a swivel joint for ease in mating the nozzle. Visual indicators mounted on either side called flags show that the probe is seated.

b. Station Markers: 3 foot by 3 foot bunting painted to show the type of products delivered to the receiving station.

c. Transfer Station Markers: A box with 9 windows to show station to station line up. (ref: NAVEDTRA 12100 Boatswain-Mate chapter 10-4)

d. Easing out line: A safety line to control the spanwire/highline after UNREP is complete. This line is woven through the weak link end fitting with 12-thread manila line.

e. Remating line: The line hooked up to the pip-pin. This line is used to re-mate the probe to the receiver if unseated.

f. Messenger Fairlead Block: Equipment that is used to change the direction of pull of a line. It is basically a “pulley”. Different kinds of blocks include: wooden, metal and snatch blocks, which can be opened at a hinged strap for ease in line handling.

g. Riggers: Seamen that assist in rigging the station for UNREP. They wear blue helmets while on station.

h. Signalman: Assist the rig captain in station to station communications. Wears a green helmet.

i. Rig Captain: The POIC of the evolution. Wears a yellow helmet.

j. Bridge-to-Bridge/Station-to-Station Phone Talker: Phone talker that relays all actions to delivery ship station.

k. Linehandlers: Personnel that handle lines on station.

l. Safety Officer: Ensures that safety precautions are maintained at all times while personnel are on station. Wears a white helmet with a green cross.

m. Winch operator: Operator of gypsy heads and other machinery. Wears a brown helmet.

n. Gunner: Gunners-mate that fires the shot-line to opposing station. Wears a red helmet.

o. Corpsman: On station in the event of personnel casualty. Wears a white helmet.

117.3 Discuss and identify boat crew personnel assignments and related duties. [ref. c, p. 6-1]

a. Boat Coxswain: Responsible to the Officer in charge of the boat for maintaining cleanliness and readiness for use. The Coxswain is also responsible for the proper training of the boat crew.

b. Boat Officer: In Charge of the Boat.

c. Bow Hook/Stern Hook: Responsible for trying up the boat and assisting the Boat Coxswain in the daily maintenance of the boat.

d. Boat Engineer: Responsible for the maintenance of the boat’s engine.

117.4 Define the following in relation to ship’s boats (landing Craft Personnel Large (LCPL) and utility boat): [ref. c, p 5-3]

a. Maximum cargo capacity: 30,000

b. Maximum limit of personnel occupancy: 17 total

c. General uses: Multipurpose Craft with a primary mission as a wave guide during amphibious operations. [ref. 5 9008-BB-BIM-010, pg. 1-1]

117.5 Discuss the following operating procedures for the ship’s boat davit:

a. Launch [ref. c, p. 5-8] - To launch a Rigid Hull Inflatable Boat (RIHB) from the slew davit: 1) Station personnel around the boat to steady it until it is clear of the skids. 2) Hoist the boat until it is clear of the rail, then swing it over the side. 3) Adjust the sea painter so that when the boat is in the water, the boat tows from the sea painter and not from the whip but from the falls. 4) Personnel will tend steadying lines, from the boat deck, to keep the boat from swinging. 5) The Davit Captain will stop the boat before it becomes water borne to start the engines. 6) Once the engine is running properly, the Davit Captain will continue to lower the boat into the water. 7) The boat then rides on the sea painter, and by using the rudder, the coxswain can steer the boat from the ship’s side. 8) At the command of the coxswain the boat personnel will cast off after and forward steady lines as soon as the boat is waterborne. 9) When the boat gains enough headway to take off the sea painter, the bow hook casts off the painter and personnel on deck haul the end aboard the ship.

b. Recovery: The reverse of launching.

117.6 Discuss the following ship’s support equipment in relation to type, characteristic, application, and uses:

a. Monorails [ref. h, I] - A cargo handling system designed to rapidly transfer palletized cargo to and from landing craft in the welldeck. The cargo handling system consists of a mono-track system, a train system, a maintenance car, and associated control and maintenance facilities.

b. Sideport cranes [ref. e, p. 2-29] - The sideport crane is an electromechanical system used to move various stores in palletized containers onboard. Rated capacity is 3,000 pounds. The sideport cranes are located in the athwartship passageway near the post office and Bake Shop.

117.7 Discuss the type and weight of the ship’s anchors. [ref. d, p. 2-32]

40,000 pounds, Navy Standard Stockless.

117.8 Discuss the length and purpose of the ship’s anchor chains. [ref. d, p. 2-32]

Length: 13 shots. Standard shot of chain is 15 fathoms (90 ft.). Link size 3 1/2 inches. Chain is flash butt-welded.

Purpose: To hold the ship in place. The anchors drag the chain out of the chain locker to the bottom.

117.9 Discuss the duties and responsibilities of the following personnel: [ref. f, p. 3-1]

a. Well Deck Control Officer - The Welldeck Control Officer (WCO) is responsible for safe handling, embarkation, and debarkation of all craft, cargo, and vehicles in the welldeck. He directs operations of the stern gate. The WCO, is usually the first Lieutenant, is stationed at Welldeck Control (CONFLAG 6) and reports to the Debarkation Control Officer (DCO).

b. Well Deck Safety Officer -

c. Petty Officer in Charge - Petty Officer in charge will assist the Ramp Marshall and WCO in the movement of troops and vehicles in the well deck

d. Ramp Marshal - The Ramp Marshall reports to the (WCO) and assists in the maneuvering the LCAC in the welldeck. The Ramp Marshall uses radio or hand signals (using amber wands) to signal maneuvers to LCAC’s in the well.

e. Combat Cargo Assistant - The Combat Cargo Assistant is responsible to the DCO for determining which Cargo and vehicles will be embarked/debarked and in which sequence.

117.10 Discuss the well deck capacity in relation to the following:

a. Landing Air Craft Cushion (LCAC) [ref. f, p. 5-1, ref. g, p. 5-14]

Max. capacity in the welldeck: 3

b. Landing Craft Utility (LCU) [ref. g, p. 5-14]

Max. capacity in the welldeck: 2

c. Landing Craft Mechanized (LCM 8/6) [ref. g, p. 5-14]

Max. capacity in the welldeck: LCM 8: 8 boats LCM 6: 12 boats

117.11 Discuss the purpose of the following well deck lights and markings:

a. LCAC landing spots [ref. f, p 5-f]

There are three vertical line makers in the welldeck which position the LCAC’s in the welldeck. These line markers are vertical and have yellow-with-black diagonal stripes painted on the starboard side. The LCAC Craftmaster will position his craft in the ship’s welldeck so that the positioning lines are to his immediate right.

b. LCAC line-ups lights [ref. f, p. f-5]

The welldeck has eight alignment lights mounted in the overhead to assist LCAC’S in their approach and entrance to the welldeck. The lights are approximately 20 feet off the centerline on the starboard side. They are equally spaced from frames 90 to 125 in a straight line. The lights are controlled from the welldeck debark control.

c. Inagon lights [ref. f, p. f-5]

Optical guidance system. This system utilizes a moiré lens and gives the craftmaster a visual indication of the direction to steer to stay on entry track.

d. Draft markings [ref. f, p. 3-8, ref. g, p. 2-1]

Aids in determining the water depth in the welldeck during wet well ballasting and deballasting operations.

117.12 Define the following: [ref. g, p.4-1]

a. Red well - (LCAC) Do not enter the welldeck.

b. Green well - (LCAC) Enter the welldeck.

117.13 Discuss the purpose of a Foreign Object Damage (FOD) walkdown. [ref. f, p. 2-2]

To remove any debris that might become a missile hazard and cause harm to personnel or equipment damage during LCAC operations.

Section 118

118.1 Discuss the purpose of the Helicopter Direction Center (HDC)

Controls all aircraft movement from 5 to 50 miles from the ship.

118.2 Discuss the purpose of the following radars used by the HDC:

a. SPN 35 - Precision Approach;

b. SPN 41 - N/A;

c. SPN 43 - Air Marshaling.

118.3 Discuss the purpose and information available from the Meteorological Center.

Provides weather information and its effect on aircraft operations.

118.4 Explain the following methods of aircraft refueling:

a. Cold refueling (aircraft shut down) - Refueling with the aircraft engine not running.

b. Hot refueling - Refueling with the aircraft engine running.

118.5 Describe the purpose of flight deck markings.

a. Foul line - 2” x 72” alternating red & white. Separates safe parking area from launch area. Personnel and equipment must be clear of this are in order to launch AV-8’s.

b. JBD (Jet Blast Deflector) - N/A to BOXER.

c. Elevators - 12”x6” alternating red/yellow markings. Used as a reference to aid aircraft elevator safeties in identifying the actual location of the deck edge.

d. Stanchions - 12”x6” alternating red/yellow markings. Used to mark the area where the stanchions and wire will actually raise out of the deck.

e. Catapults - N/A.

f. Arresting gear - N/A.

g. Safe launch line on bow on carrier - N/A.

h. Waist Catapults - N/A.

i. Deck Edge Scuppers - N/A (???).

j. Safety Nets - Gray.

k. Tie Downs - Gray.

l. Barricade Stanchion - N/A.

m. Bomb jettison ramp - Yellow with gray bomb in middle.

n. Access Ladders - White border & White block.

o. Ordnance elevator outside trim - Alternating red/yellow 12”x6” with 4” white.

p. Electric power hatch - White 1’ by 2”.

118.6 Discuss the purpose of the following flight deck lights/equipment

a. Flight deck status lights - For Pri-Fly control of flight deck evaluations, not to be interpreted by pilots as clearance or denial for any evolution.

b. Vertical Short Take-Off and Landing (V/STOL) - Used to light the tramline during IFR or Night operations. (White).

118.7 Discuss the purpose of the following:

a. Crash and salvage team - Primary purpose is to rescue aircrew from crashed aircraft on the flight deck. Secondary purpose is to salvage aircraft if possible. Provides for emergencies such as fires, crash landings or other situations that would necessitate personnel trained in fire fighting and rescue.

b. A/S32P-16 Fire fighting truck - This fire-fighting system provides a dual fire fighting capability: a light-water (AFFF) system and a dry-chemical (PKP) system. These systems operate independently, however they may be used simultaneously or they may be used to complement each other. As complementary systems, the best characteristics of one system are used to counteract the disadvantage of the other system.

c. A/S32A-36 Amphibious Assault Ship Crash Crane (AACC) - The primary vehicle for the removal of damaged or disabled aircraft aboard the Navy’s LHD class amphibious aviation ships. Lifting capacity is 70,000 pounds.

118.8 Discuss the composition of the embarked/assigned air wing.

118.9 Describe the duties and responsibilities of the following air department personnel:

a. Air Boss - Responsible for supervision and direction of the launching, landing, shipboard handling and servicing of the aircraft per current instructions.

b. Mini-Boss - Aids the Air Officer in ensuring that his/her plans, orders, and instructions are carried out. Also acts as assistant department head and departmental training officer.

c. Aircraft Handler -

118.10 Discuss the function of the following components of Aircraft Intermediate Maintenance Department (AIMD)

a. Ground Support Equipment -

b. Power plants -

c. Airframes/hydraulics -

d. Consolidated Calibration Lab -

e. Avionics -

f. Production and material control -

g. Quality Assurance (QA) -

118.11 Discuss the following flight deck status conditions:

a. RED DECK - prepare to start engines - start engines - not ready to receive aircraft b. AMBER DECK - Engage/disengage rotors c. GREEN DECK - Land/launch aircraft

118.12 Describe the duties indicated by the following flight deck crew uniform colors:

a. Green - Combat photo, maintenance technicians b. Yellow - Landing Signal Enlisted c. Purple - Fuels d. Red - Crash & Salvage e. White - LSO, Combat Cargo f. White with green cross - Safety g. White with red cross - medical h. Brown - Plane Captain i. Blue - Chock & Chain; plane handlers, tractor drivers, elevator operators j. Red with black stripe - Ordnance

118.13 State the purpose of a Foreign Object Damage (FOD) walkdown To check the area for any thing (pieces of trash or loose article(s), tools, etc.) that could cause damage to aircraft and aircraft engine components and remove them before engine start-up. Even the smallest object (pieces of metal, trash etc.) can "FOD" an engine and cause expensive and/or dangerous damage.

Section 119

119.1 Discuss the functions and capabilities of the following radars as applied to the Combat Information Center (CIC)

a. SPS-48 Primary Function – 3D Air Search Radar Secondary Function – Main FC Radar Max Range – 155 Miles Min Range – 0 Miles

b. SPS-49 Primary Function – 2D Air Search Radar Secondary Function - Max Range – 256 Miles Min Range – 0 Miles

c. SPS-64 Primary Function – Surface/ Nav. Bridge Secondary Function - Max Range – 64NM Min Range -

d. SPS-67 Primary Function – Surface / CIC Secondary Function - Max Range – 100 NM Min Range -

e. MK 23 Target Acquisition System (TAS) Primary Function – Weapons Control/ 2D Air Search Secondary Function - Max Range – 110 Miles Min Range – 25 Miles

f. SPN-43 Primary Function – Air Marshalling Secondary Function – Surface Search Max Range – 60 NM Min Range -

119.2 Explain the function and capabilities of the following display equipment:

a. SPA-25 Function – Repeater of different Radar Data (67,64) Capabilities -

b. ACDS consoles Function – Displays Either Symbology, and Raw Video or both depending on if they’re OJ-535 or OJ-451 Capabilities – OJ-535 Green Display, Air-cooled, Symbology only. OJ-451 Orange/Amber Display, Water-cooled, Symbology and Raw Video.

c. Joint Maritime Command Information System (JMCIS) Function – Information sharing of Op Area Assets. Capabilities – OTH Targeting.

d. Automated Status Board (ASTAB) Function – Gives status of ship and Op Forces to the TAO and CO and CPR-7 etc… Capabilities –

e. KSQ-1 Function – Marine ver. Of JMCIS Capabilities -

f. Digital Dead Reckoning Tracer (DDRT)/Dead Reckoning Tracer (DRT) Function – True Geographic Plot of the ship’s coarse from the Air. Capabilities – It has 2 modes normal and Emergency 200yds. /in

g. Large Screen Display (LSD) Function – Gives TAO a picture of the battlefield and areas around the ship. Capabilities – JIMCIS displays the strategic picture, And the ACDS displays the tactical picture

119.3 State the different inputs for JMCIS a. ACDS b. Link-4A, 11, 16 c. OTCIXS- d. TAITX-

119.4 Explain the purpose of the following data links onboard

a. Link-4A – Air to Air, Surface to Air comm. Links. “Dolly”

b. Link-11 – Surface to Surface, Command ship and its picket ships. “Alligator”

c. Link-16 – A newer version of Link combines both Link-4A and Link-11, it’s UHF Band. “Timber”

119.5 Explain the purpose of the Joint Intelligence Center (JIC) JIC provides tactical information to the different Command and Control areas of the ship.

119.6 Discuss the applicability of Command, Control, Communications, Computers, and Information (C41) to the ARG. C4I is a Data network for information TX/RX. 119.7 Discuss the purpose of the following missions:

a. Non-combatant Evacuation Operation (NEO) – It’s a Humanitarian Operation. Evacuating an Embassy.

b. Search and Rescue (SAR) – Man overboard.

c. Emergency Defense of the Amphibious Task Force (EDATF) -

119.8 State the following characteristics for your ship

a. Length - 844 ft, 281 yds

b. Beam - 106 at the hull, 209 at the deck edge elevators

c. Draft - 26.5 ft normal, 27 ft. full load

d. Displacement (tons) – 40K Tons

e. Maximum Speed (knots) - +20 Knots

f. Complement – 3,244 Sailors and Marines

Section 120

120.1 Discuss the duties and responsibilities of the following Watchstanders: a. Ship's Weapon's Coordinator (SWC) - TAO’s “right-hand man.” - Coordinates all actions in all warfare areas within CIC. - All modules in CIC report to SWC, who in turn reports to TAO/Warfare Commander - Directs all phases of the Detect to Engage (DTE) sequence. - Issues “Cover” and “Kill” orders to Self-defense Weapon’s Coordinator (SDWC). - Usually an E-7 or above FC, OS, or EW.

b. Self-defense Weapon’s Coordinator (SDWC) - Responsible for the “Assignment” phase of the DTE sequence. - Specifies which weapon(s) will be brought to bear on a given target and issues orders to weapon system operators (FOC (NSSMS) or WCP (RAM)). - Controls the RCP for CIWS. - Operates the TAS console in CIC to send designations to the weapons systems. - Keeps SWC informed of weapons status and makes tactical recommendations to SWC. - Usually an E-5 or E-6 FC.

c. NATO Sea Sparrow Missile System (NSSMS) Firing Officer’s Console (FOC) Operator - Controls operation and firing of NSSMS during the “Engagement phase” as directed by SDWC - Usually an E-4 or E-5 FC.

d. NSSMS Radar Set Console (RSC) Operator - Responsible for controlling the MK 95 director to keep constant illumination on targets designated by TAS (SDWC), - Also can manually search for a target at a given bearing if no TAS designation is available. - Usually an E-4 FC.

e. Rolling Airframe Missile (RAM) Weapon’s Control Panel (WPC) Operator - Controls firing of RAM during the “Engagement phase” as directed by SDWC.

f. Close-in Weapons System (CIWS) Remote Control Panel (RCP) Operator - Only manned for PAC Fires. - SDWC will normally operate the RCP during condition I or III. Responsible for firing and trouble reports to the SWC and TAO, - Responsible for mode control and communication with the LCP’s. - Receives direction from the SDWC and TAO.

120.2 Discuss the following color coding for ammunition as it applies to NSSMS and RAM missiles: a. Brown - Live rocket motor (low/medium explosive)

b. Yellow - High Explosive (live warhead)

c. Blue - Telemetry round (no warhead)/training shape (no warhead or rocket motor)

d. Black - ???

120.3 Discuss the purpose of the Integrated Automatic Detection and Tracking System (IADT/SYS-2): AN/SYS-2(V)5 accepts inputs from both air search radars (SPS-48E and SPS-49) and correlates the data into a single picture for input to ACDS.

102.4 State what constitutes a hot gun and cold gun for CIWS: Hot gun - 300 plus rounds in five minutes Cold gun - 300 minus rounds in five minutes

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AZC(AW/NAC) Kimberly King

FC2(SW) Daniel A. Girimonte